American Hazelnut (Corylus Americana) is a deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to North America. It is known for its tasty nuts and attractive foliage, making it a great addition to any garden. Here is a complete guide on how to grow and care for American Hazelnut.
Planting: American Hazelnut can be planted in the spring or fall. It prefers well-drained, moist soils that are high in organic matter. It is tolerant of a wide range of soil types, but it prefers a pH range of 4.5-8. It prefers full sun but can tolerate some shade.
Watering: American Hazelnut is drought tolerant once established. During the first year after planting, it should be watered regularly to help it establish a strong root system. After the first year, it will only need to be watered during periods of drought.
Fertilizing: American Hazelnut does not require regular fertilization, but it can benefit from an application of an all-purpose fertilizer in the spring.
Pruning: American Hazelnut does not require regular pruning, but it can be pruned to control its size or shape. If pruning is necessary, it should be done in late winter or early spring before new growth begins.
Pest and Disease Control: American Hazelnut is relatively resistant to pests and diseases, but it may be affected by Eastern Filbert Blight and the Hazelnut Gall Mite. Regularly monitoring the plant and taking action quickly when signs of infection appear can help prevent serious damage.
Pollination: American Hazelnut is a self-incompatible species, which means that it requires cross-pollination from another cultivar in order to produce nuts. The most common pollinator for the American Hazelnut cultivars is 'Barcelona' which is considered a good pollinator for most cultivars.
Harvesting: American Hazelnut nuts are ready to harvest in the late summer or early fall. The nuts will fall from the tree when they are ripe.
American Hazelnut is a hardy, low-maintenance plant that is perfect for gardens of all sizes. With proper care, it will produce delicious nuts for many years to come. Remember to plant it in well-drained soil, in a sunny spot, and keep an eye out for pests and diseases. With a little care, your American Hazelnut will thrive, providing you with delicious nuts and beautiful foliage.